The Pretrial Services Agency is responsible for supervising individuals on bond who are awaiting disposition of their federal charges. During the pre-bail interview, information is gathered from the defendant regarding the current use or prior history of alcohol/drug abuse. If the information obtained suggests drug use, either current or previous, then Pretrial Services will recommend bond conditions including drug testing and treatment. Once the individual is released on bond with such conditions, he/she is required to submit to monthly or random drug testing. The Pretrial Services Agency has the capability of testing defendants and reporting urinalysis results to the court within minutes. Rapid test results enables officers to work swiftly with individuals who are using drugs, work with issues of denial, and make immediate treatment referrals. If an individual continues to submit positive drug screens, and/or requests the assistance of treatment, Pretrial Services has the capability to immediately refer defendants for counseling at any one of the several facilities we contract with.
The Pretrial Services Agency uses two inpatient drug treatment facilities and several outpatient programs to assist individuals with their drug problems. Individuals participating in inpatient drug treatment can remain in the program anywhere from fifteen to twenty-eight days, depending upon the severity and length of their drug history. The inpatient facilities are also able to provide detox services for those individuals who are opiate (heroin) dependent. Individuals referred to outpatient programs can remain in treatment throughout the duration of their case if deemed necessary. Continued drug use and/or non-compliance with treatment could ultimately result in revocation of bond. Pretrial Services has the continued responsibility to inform the court of all apparent violations committed by the defendant. The common drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, and heroin continue to wreak havoc on our society. However, the newer types of drugs, such as Methamphetamine, GHB, and Ecstacy, play a big factor in the drug epidemic which continues to present ongoing challenges for the court system.
Pretrial Services continues to work diligently with the drug problem that faces the court and community. Although the period of supervision by this agency may be brief, Pretrial Services can have a strong and lasting impact on the individual. Any intervention Pretrial Services can provide to individuals who have an alcohol and/or drug problem can only benefit them as they continue to move through the court system. Drug addiction is an ongoing problem, and although the ultimate goal is to have the individual become drug free, it can be an arduous task for the officer. Nevertheless, Pretrial Services is here to assist individuals in making better choices and to learn better coping skills to deal with their addictions. Pretrial Services will continue to increase our skills at symptom recognition, detection of drug use, and treatment referral to better improve the lives of the individuals we supervise.